Bagru Print

Bagru print is a traditional form of block printing originating from the village of Bagru in Rajasthan, India. It's a unique craft known for its intricate patterns and vibrant colors. The process involves printing designs on fabric using carved wooden blocks dipped in natural dyes. Typically, Bagru prints feature floral motifs, geometric patterns, and traditional Indian designs. The artisans use techniques passed down through generations to create these beautiful textiles, making each piece a work of art.


Bagru print has a rich history rooted in the cultural heritage of Rajasthan, India. The craft dates back several centuries and is believed to have originated in the village of Bagru, located near Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan. The tradition of Bagru print is closely tied to the local community of Chhipa (Chippa) artisans, who have preserved and passed down their skills from generation to generation. The Chhipa community specializes in the craft of block printing, and Bagru emerged as a prominent center for this art form due to factors like the availability of natural resources, such as water and clay, which are essential for the printing process.


The Bagru printing method is a customary block printing technique that calls for multiple complex procedures that are expertly completed by craftspeople. Here's an overview of the typical process:

1. Designing: The process begins with designing the patterns that will be printed onto the fabric. These designs are often inspired by nature, geometric shapes, or traditional Indian motifs. The designs are drawn on paper or directly onto wooden blocks.

2. Block Carving: Skilled artisans carve the designs onto wooden blocks using hand tools. Each block is carved with precision to ensure that the design transfers accurately onto the fabric during printing. Different blocks are used for different colors and elements of the design.

3. Preparing the Fabric: The fabric to be printed is washed and soaked in a mixture of water and natural ingredients like myrobalan (a plant-based substance) to make it more receptive to dyes.

4. Dyeing: Natural dyes are prepared using ingredients like indigo, turmeric, pomegranate skins, and other plant extracts. These dyes are mixed with water in large vats to create the desired colors. The fabric is then dipped into the dye baths and soaked until it absorbs the color.

5. Printing: The carved wooden blocks are dipped into the dye and carefully pressed onto the fabric. The artisan repeats this process systematically, aligning the blocks to create intricate patterns. Each color in the design requires a separate block and round of printing.

6. Drying: After printing, the fabric is left to dry in the sun, allowing the natural dyes to set and the colors to deepen. This step is crucial for ensuring that the colors are permanent and the prints are vibrant.

7. Washing and Finishing: Once dry, the fabric is washed to remove excess dye and any impurities. It is then ironed to set the colors and give the fabric a smooth finish.

8. Final Inspection: The printed fabric undergoes a final inspection to ensure that the patterns are crisp, the colors are vibrant, and there are no defects.


The Bagru printing process is labor-intensive and requires a high level of skill and attention to detail. Each piece of printed fabric is unique, reflecting the craftsmanship and creativity of the artisans involved